Secondary education takes place in 2 stages. Grades 9 to 10 follow a common academic curriculum leading to a school leaving certificate. During grades 11 to 12 though, there are opportunities to follow separate streams in commerce, education, humanities or science, and to receive a higher education certificate.
The Ministry of Education is responsible for regulating the overall education system from curriculum development to school establishment in 7 provinces. There are various other regulatory bodies designated to oversee the education system at different levels including Secondary Education Examination (SEE) Board, that conducts and regulates the examination of grade 10. National Examination Board (NEB) regulates the conduction and regulation of examination of 11 and 12 grade. There are other systems like Cambridge Assessment International Education that regulates the conduction of A-Level education.